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Boundaries and Barriers

Boundaries and Barriers
Many people have difficulty forming and appreciating healthy boundaries. More often than not, an individual's ability or inability to create and respect healthy boundaries is a product of their upbringing. Dysfunctional and alcoholic families in particular usually provide severely distorted messages about boundaries and, as such, are exceptionally poor models for children learning about the following boundary related issues: 
  • Privacy
  • Sensitivity
  • Personal Respect
  • Obligations
  • Rights 
Why do so many people have difficulty defining and respecting boundaries? 
Unfortunately, a snowball effect comes into play here. Dysfunctional families that struggle with boundaries tend to raise children that struggle with boundaries. In dysfunctional families, boundary violations can range from the erection of impenetrable barriers between family members to a complete disregard for privacy or respect of personal space. Having no boundaries whatsoever is as bad as having boundaries so formidable that they become barriers. Complicating matters even further for the child of a dysfunctional family, these extremes can fluctuate rapidly within the same family, the rules changing frequently and arbitrarily. For the child in such a family, confusion and mixed messages prevail. As a result, the child learns neither how to effectively create boundaries, nor how to ask others to respect boundaries they've made. 
 
Why is it so important to learn how to create boundaries? 
Healthy boundaries are integral to how we find privacy, personal respect and our sense of what we as individuals are entitled to. We all need boundaries for our own peace of mind. 
 
Why is it so important to learn how to respect someone else's boundaries? 
If we do not learn to see and respect the boundaries of others, we may be guilty of intruding, acting inappropriately, or violating the human rights of another individual. Boundaries are what enable us to live together civilly. 
 
What are ways in which boundaries come into play in real-life? 
Have you ever been on either end of a conflict like these? They are all related to boundary issues. How does a person define their boundaries without insulting their friend or family member? How does a person learn to recognize someone else's boundary so that they do not intrude upon or hurt their friend or family member? Without the answers to these questions, friendships can be broken, work relationships may suffer, and family relationships may become strained. 
 
How do I create boundaries that are not barriers, and how do I learn others' boundaries without construing them as barriers. 
Honest communication is the key to creating a healthy boundary. For example, a client of mine I’ll call Dan, a single young man of 23 has been asked by his sister if she can move into his apartment.  He loves his sister, but is uncomfortable with the idea of her moving in. If Dan doesn't communicate with her openly about his discomfort from the outset, assert himself, and say no and his sister does move in, the situation will likely become disastrous. She will move in because he hasn’t asserted a boundary and 
his discomfort will turn into resentment and their relationship will either become antagonistic or icily distant. What should have been a simple healthy boundary became a barrier instead. 
 
Boundaries become barriers when communication closes down. If Dan decides not to simply state his boundary upfront ("I'm just not 100% comfortable with you moving in"), and he’s let her move in, then he's opted instead to stew and seethe in steely silence. The longer she stays, the more impossible it will seem to be for Dan to broach the topic and the angrier he will get inside. Dan's sister will have no idea what's wrong with him, but she'll get the non-verbal messages he's sending her; she will sense the barrier he's constructed, and the relationship will suffer -- if not end entirely -- as a result. 
 
If you're still not comfortable with the idea of openly stating your boundaries, in some instances compromise may soften the blow. For example, Dan can say to his sister, "You know I love you dearly, but I am just not comfortable with the idea of you moving in. Why don't you plan on staying for a week or two and I will help you find a place to stay that's nearby?" Dan would be stating his boundary simply and honestly while reassuring his sister-in-law of his affection and offering an alternative solution to her problem. It doesn't get much better than that. 
 
How should his sister react to Dan's assertion of his boundary? While at first the idea that she is not indefinitely welcome in her brother’s  house may sting but she should be able to realize that it is Dan's right to define his own space, as well as the degree to which he is willing to share that space. Dan still loves and supports her and wants to help her find a solution to her immediate housing problem. If she puts herself in Dan's shoes, she realizes that Dan is not only being reasonable, but also honest and is showing her a great deal of respect in being so. 
 
To prevent yourself from seeing a boundary as a barrier, try to put yourself in the other person's shoes: how would you react to your own request? Finally, don't be afraid to communicate. Communication works on both ends of this equation. If you're afraid that the boundary means you're not liked or wanted as a friend or relative, rather than assume that your fears are true and act offended, why not ask? Have an open dialogue. The chances are you'll find that your fears will be unwarranted. 
 

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